This relatively common skin problem manifests with brown, tan or blue –gray dark spots on the face. Individuals tend to get dark patches on their forehead, cheeks, and Nose Bridge. Melasma is very common among pregnant women and sometimes referred to as “the mask of maternity”. Melasma can be characterized by epidermal, dermal, or a combination of dermal and epidermal problems. Here is a good look at the procedures that offer the best treatment for melasma.
Diagnosis prior to best treatment for hyperpigmentation
Melasma is diagnosed by visual examination of the appearance of brown skin patches on the face. The dermatologist may need to conduct a biopsy of skin before starting with the medication based on the acquired result.
Treatment of melasma on the face through topical therapy
Topical therapy is the first step in melasma treatment. India is home to some of the best centres for face skin pigmentation treatment where treatment begins with topical application. Hydroquinone is the commonly used medicine for melasma, which is available as creams, lotions, gels. Other topicals like azelaic & kojic acid and vitamin C are also suggested by dermatologists to bring down the pigmentation of the skin.
Other methods of overcoming and mitigating the condition
Effective sun screen – Sun-protection is of utmost importance for drawing better treatment results. Individuals with dark pigmented skin turn darker when exposed to unrelenting sunlight. Applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen lotion with SPF (Sun protection factor) above 50 as part of daily routine is advisable.
Chemical Peel – Chemical peel will actually help to get rid of the cells that generate extra pigmentation and also improve the skin complexion. Phenol peel or TCA peel can be used for treating dark pigmentation to get the desired results. Chemical peel needs to be carried out by renowned and experienced plastic surgeons to prevent scarring.
Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser – This laser technique helps to effectively cure conditions like melasma. High wavelength laser beams are targeted on the affected area. The focused laser beam generates adequate heat to destroy diseased cells to produce long-lasting results.