The production of excessive melanin which leads to the formation of dark spots on the skin is called pigmentation. The different types of hyperpigmentation are age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots and pregnancy spots. There are many methods which help in overcoming the problem of hyperpigmentation.
The most common parts of the skin where hyperpigmentation or dyschromia occurs are the face, arms and hands.
Causes of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation occurs when there is excess formation of melanin in the skin of the person. Following are the causes of excess melanin production in the skin.
When you expose the skin to the sunlight it causes a provocative reaction on the skin. When the intensity of heat increases, the body starts producing more heat mediators. It is only because of these heat mediators that the body suffers from different dark spots and skin reactions.
The melanin in the skin can be increased due to anything- from a pimple to a cut. During the time of skin damage, the skin deals with it by producing heat reactions. These reactions then cause more production of melanin in the skin causing hyperpigmentation.
Skin produces more heat than required during the times of allergies. The skin might experience irritation and itching. Due to these factors too, the skin becomes dark from some areas causing hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is also caused due to the medications taken by you. Such medicines cause hormonal changes in the body leading to the more production of melanin cells.
Treatment for Hyperpigmentation
The best advice on such an issue can be given by the dermatologist after he considers the factors that caused pigmentation and after examining the skin of the person.
- Use of Sunscreens
- Chemical peels
- Laser treatments
Selection of treatment for hyperpigmentation
The procedure for treatment of hyperpigmentation can be selected keeping in mind the following points.
- Presence of certain elements:
The people are prescribed to use creams which have elements like Hydroquinone and Mandelic acid for treating hyperpigmentation.
- Non-ablative expert method:
In case the medicines do not work, the experts also recommend non ablative methods like, skin peels, Intense Pulsed Light therapy, and laser skin therapies; can also be used for treating hyperpigmentation.
If you do not want a procedure which includes medication, then you can go for treatments which include skin whitening creams and treatments which contain Retin-A.
Now you know the causes, treatments and the point to keep in mind for selecting the procedure for treatment to get rid of the problem of pigmentation.